Only one in five trustees is female finds Aon research
Pension scheme trustees are highly educated and financially literate but lack diversity according to research by Aon Hewitt in partnership with Leeds University Business School.
The first report on the research findings, 'Mapping the Trustee Landscape' conducted among 197 mainly defined benefit (DB) trustees and scheme managers in the UK, revealed that 93% of the respondents correctly answering at least four out of five questions about key financial concepts. These included time value of money, real versus nominal returns and compounding. The majority also performed well on questions regarding diversification and risk.
John Belgrove, senior partner at Aon Hewitt, said: "We believe that understanding trustee decision-making is essential in improving non-regulatory scrutiny on the asset management sector. We are, therefore, delighted to continue supporting new research into behavioural finance and the trustee context.”
The wide-ranging research, led by Dr Iain Clacher, associate professor in accounting and finance at Leeds University Business School, is based on a much larger sample than previous trustee studies of the sector. The 197 respondents, represented schemes ranging from those with less than £15m under management, up to those with more than £5bn, with 60% having assets under management of between £100m and £2.5bn.
Dr Iain Clacher said: "The research revealed that the vast majority (78%) of those surveyed are educated to university level, and many more had finance-specific professional qualifications. Trustees, therefore, have a much higher level of education than the general population.
"In general, respondents had a good understanding of financial risk, and a high level of financial literacy, both of which are key to understanding complex investment decisions. These skills should assist their decision-making around costs and fees and we will explore this in more detail in our next report."
The research also showed that:
81% of respondents were male
The average age of trustees is 54, with the majority aged between 50 and 70 years old
On average, respondents had 10 years of trustee experience
Dr Iain Clacher said:
"One obvious thing our survey group revealed was that trustees are overwhelmingly male and have an average age of 54 - which suggests a lack of diversity among DB trustees. This concentrated demographic is a concern given studies have found that gender diversity on corporate boards helps strengthen governance and is beneficial for monitoring and the board decision-making process. The current profile of trustees may also create an environment where 'groupthink' could emerge."
Lynda Whitney, partner at Aon Hewitt, said: "Dr Clacher's research shows that, today, 1 in 5 trustees are female – an an improvement on research in 2006, which showed only 1 in 40 trustees were female. However, diversity is not just about gender or age – it is also about diversity of approach and thinking and we can draw on research into corporate boardrooms which has shown that diversity leads to better decision-making and financial outcomes."
The research project is ongoing and will provide further details on trustees' perceptions and understanding of costs and fees, as well as on value for money and manager selection. Aon Hewitt and LUBS will publish more findings throughout 2017.